Copyright Policy

Copyrightable Works

Under the WCEST, copyright subsists in “original works of authorship” which have been fixed in any tangible medium of expression from which they can be perceived, reproduced, or otherwise communicated, either directly or with the aid of a machine or device. WCEST acknowledges and agrees that the Author(s) retain(s) the copyright to the work submitted for publication, and is/are allowed:

  1. to revise, reproduce, distribute, publicly perform, and publicly display the Chapter/Article.
  2. to republish the Work, as long as WCEST is cited as the source of first publication of the Work.
  3. to prepare derivative works from the Chapter/Article.
  4. to apply all other proprietary rights to the Work (such as patents); and
  5. to authorize others to make any use of the Chapter/Article.

Users are granted the right to copy, use, distribute, transmit and display the Work publicly, and to create and distribute derivative works in any medium and for any responsible purpose, as long as the Author receives credit as author, and the Book/Journal in which the Chapter/Article has been published is cited as the source of first publication of the Work.

Scope of Copyright Protection

Copyright protection does not extend to any idea, process, concept, discovery or the like, but only to the work in which it may be embodied, illustrated, or explained. For example, a written description of a manufacturing process is copyrightable, but the copyright only prevents unauthorized copying of the description; the process described could be freely copied unless it enjoys some other protection, such as patent.

Subject to various exceptions and limitations provided for in the copyright law, the copyright owner has the exclusive right to reproduce the work, prepare derivative works, distribute copies by sale or otherwise, and display or perform the work publicly. Ownership of copyright is distinct from the ownership of any material object in which the work may be embodied.

Permission to use WCEST material in other publications

Permission to reproduce material from articles published is managed on behalf of the WCEST. In order to gain permission to reproduce material under WCEST copyright, you should do the following:

  • Obtain consent from one of the original authors of the paper from which you wish to extract materials. In the event that the original authors are deceased or unavailable, contact WCEST at for advice. A form is available for you to ask for this consent.
  • Notify when consent has been obtained from the original authors. Give the original citation for the figure, table, or other material that you plan to reproduce as well as the information about where the material is to appear.
  • If your publisher needs a formal indication of this permission, send a request to If special forms are required by your publisher, be sure to include copies of the forms. Requests for formal permission will normally be satisfied within a week of the request.
  • All reproduced material must be properly identified by the citation of the original publication and may carry the indication, “reproduced by permission of the WCEST.”